Welcome to the 9th International Summer School: Operational Issues in Radioactive Waste management and Nuclear Decommissioning at Joint Research Centre, Ispra 11-15 September 2017.

Nuclear Decommissioning is an important part of the nuclear power plants' life cycle and a crucial factor in public acceptance of nuclear power generation.

At the end of the operational life of the first generation of nuclear power plants, an effective nuclear decommissioning process and management of its radioactive and nuclear waste will prove to be vital.

A thorough analysis of radioactive waste production routes is needed in order to manage waste safely for workers, the public and the environment. This process needs to be applied to research, medical applications and industrial activities such as mining, as well as electrical power generation.

An effective characterisation and management of waste includes appropriate environmental monitoring and the application of sound principles of the waste cycle. This includes policy, regulatory issues, radiation protection, human resources management and aspects of stakeholders' involvement.

This is the ninth year that the Summer School has been held and it brings together many international experts in waste management and nuclear decommissioning.

The participants will be able to discuss issues directly with experts and other delegates, and have the opportunity to learn from their international experience.

This year, the course is organised around several technical sessions and will feature visits to JRC-Ispra laboratories that are involved in decommissioning and nuclear and radioactive waste management.